|Red Blood Cells
|Carries oxygen from the lungs to the tissues, and carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs||Symptomatic anemia not treatable within a reasonable amount of time considering the patient’s symptoms, with specific therapy such as iron, vitamin B12, folic acid or erythropoietin||Requires type and crossmatch (non-urgent situations)
Monitoring requires evaluation of hemoglobin/hematocrit and physical assessment of patient
|Plasma (Thawed Plasma or Fresh Frozen Plasma/FFP)||Fluid portion of that contains coagulation factors required for proper clot formation||Bleeding or imminent invasive procedures with clinically significant coagulopathy, treatment or prevention of coagulopathy in massive transfusion, factor deficiency when concentrate unavailable, or plasma exchange (especially for TTP)||Requires historical ABO (non-urgent situations)
Monitoring requires evaluation of PT/INR, a PTT (if indicated) and physical assessment of patient
|Platelets||Small megakaryocyte fragments required for proper clot formation||Treatment of thrombocytopenia, platelet function abnormalities, or bleeding due to thrombocytopenia||Requires historical ABO/Rh type (non-urgent situations
Monitoring requires evaluation of platelet count and physical assessment of patient.
|Cryoprecipitate||Prepared from plasma, contains fibrinogen, factor VIII, von Willebrand factor and small amounts of factor XIII and fibronectin||Treatment or prevention of bleeding due to hypofibrinogenemia and in disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC)||Monitoring requires evaluation of Fibrinogen level and physical assessment of patient|
|Granulocytes||White blood cells (neutrophils) obtained by apheresis from designated ABO-Rh compatible donor||Indicated for severe neutropenia with a documented life threatening bacterial or fungal infection not responsive to appropriate antimicrobial therapy||Begin transfusion ASAP, must be transfused within 24 hours of collection
Monitoring requires evaluation of granulocyte count and physical assessment of patient
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